The Hellenistic period covers the period of Mediterranean history between the death of Alexander the Great in BC and the emergence of the Roman Empire , as signified by the Battle of Actium in 31 BC  and the conquest of Ptolemaic Egypt the following year. During the Hellenistic period, Greek cultural influence and power reached the peak of its geographical expansion, being dominant in the Mediterranean world and most of West and Central Asia, even in parts of the Indian subcontinent , experiencing prosperity and progress in the arts , astrology , exploration , literature , theatre , architecture , music , mathematics , philosophy , and science. Despite this, it is often considered a period of transition, sometimes even of decadence or degeneration ,  compared to the enlightenment of the Greek Classical era. The Hellenistic period saw the rise of New Comedy , Alexandrian poetry , the Septuagint , and the philosophies of Stoicism , Epicureanism , and Pyrrhonism. Greek science was advanced by the works of the mathematician Euclid and the polymath Archimedes. The religious sphere expanded to include new gods such as the Greco-Egyptian Serapis , eastern deities such as Attis and Cybele , and a syncretism between Hellenistic culture and Buddhism in Bactria and Northwest India.
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Colette Hemingway Independent Scholar. Between and B. This unprecedented contact with cultures far and wide disseminated Greek culture and its arts, and exposed Greek artistic styles to a host of new exotic influences. The death of Alexander the Great in B. However, some Greek city-states asserted their independence through alliances.
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Who were the major philosophers of the Hellenistic period? How did the Hellenistic philosophers differ from the philosophers of Classical Greece? Hellenistic philosophy is the last period of the philosophy of ancient Greece which followed after the school of Aristotle. The main features of Hellenistic philosophy include ethical orientation and adaptation of Eastern religious moments. The basic schools are represented by Blackson, :.
You might expect that after Paul rebuked the Galatians for desertion he would challenge them to recommit themselves to Christ. Eventually he does command them to "stand firm" But before he challenges them, he prepares the way for his imperatives by telling his own story. He does not call for his readers to do anything that he has not done himself. He does not simply point to the way; he has lived out the way of faithfulness to the gospel of Christ.