Please join StudyMode to read the full document. John Stuart Mill was a great philosopher of the nineteenth century and the author of 'On Liberty. His intended audience is educated, healthy and 'civilized' adults. He equates our personal freedoms with the pursuit of happiness, in particular, freedom of speech and expression. Mill defines the meaning of liberty as the relationship between the State and an individual, in regards to the power the government has over an individual.
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While Mill focuses freedom on individually and state, Petit argues that pure freedom is not being controlled by anything. Next, I will explain how Mill argues that freedom of thought and expression supports his principle of utility. His theory conceives human rights as rights of citizens rather than of human beings. The theory is construed for a body of people who form a political society rather than the human race forming a moral community. Reality however shows that human nature is not an immutable essence but a mixture of elements and values such as possibilities, interest, power and immunities, dignity, rationality and liberty. The conflict of theories can be solved by balancing prima facie rights which are not absolute but are dealt with case by case, the balancing is to be against each other not wishing merits in terms of some different ultimate standard of value such as.
What Is the Value of Liberty According to J.S.Mill? Do You Agree?
On Liberty is not merely a political text explaining the intricacies of how the state ought to act. This is the idea that people should only be stopped or restrained from acting when their conduct may harm another individual. He also discusses the struggle between liberty and authority, the importance of individuality, the limits of state authority, and the practical application of the harm principle.
The harm principle ensures that self-ruling and self-governance is implemented in society to the extent that it does not damage people in the process. He first beings with distinguishing a difference between what is harm and a mere offence Brink , ch. Such breaches may include the removal of certain freedoms such as the freedom of speech, which Mill believed was necessary for the advancement of society. Marx on the other hand, believed in the notion of class struggle.